Amasis


Amasis
King 570-526 BC.
    Amasis originally held the position of army general in Nubia under *Psammetichus II, but he was placed on the throne following a nationalistic uprising which attempted to rid Egypt of King *Apries.
    According to *Herodotus, Amasis came from an ordinary background; historical sources represent him as a popular, shrewd and sometimes drunken ruler. The civil war in which the native Egyptians supported him against *Apries and his *Greek mercenary forces came to a conclusion with Amasis' triumph at the battle of Momemphis. At first, he treated *Apries well but ultimately the populace decided the former ruler's fate.
    When he became king, Amasis nevertheless found it necessary to make use of the services of *Greek mercenaries as his predecessors had done, but he kept the support of the native Egyptians who had given him the throne by balancing his reliance on foreign help with an action to check the growth of Greek merchants in Egypt. He limited their activities to Naucratis, an exclusively Greek city which had been founded in the Delta in the reign of *Psammetichus I, and this became the only centre in Egypt where they were permitted to trade freely.
    He was succeeded by his son, *Psammetichus III; six months later, *Cambyses invaded Egypt with the result that the country became a province of the Persian empire.
BIBL. Herodotus, The Histories, Bk. ii, 1-2.
Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David
* * *
   See Ahmose II.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amasis — ist der Name eines griechischen Töpfers, siehe Amasis (Töpfer) eines nach dem Töpfer mit einem Notnamen benannter Vasenmaler, siehe Amasis Maler eines ägyptischen Pharaos, siehe Amasis (Pharao) eines Asteroiden des Hauptgürtels, siehe (4161)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • AMASIS II — ex gregario milite, Aprie ut Herodot. Pardamide, ut Athen. l. 15. Rege occisô, Rex Aegypti celebris. Turbatis enim Babyloniorum, sub quorum fide a Nabuchodonosori rempore Aegypti Reges fuerant, rebus et inclinatâ corum fortunâ, Aegyptus… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Amasis — Amasis,   ägyptisch Ahmose [ax ], ägyptischer König (570 526 v. Chr.) der 26. Dynastie. Sein Name wird nach Herodot zur Unterscheidung von Amosis, der ägyptisch auch Ahmose heißt, als Amasis wiedergegeben. Von Apries zur Niederwerfung eines… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Amāsis — Amāsis, 1) A. I., König von Ägypten, aus der Sagenzeit; 2) A. II. wurde 570 v. Chr. nach einer Niederlage der Ägyptier durch Kyrenäer an der Stelle des Apries von dem Heere zum König von Ägypten gewählt; er war ein Freund der Griechen, nahm… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Amásis — (Amosis, ägypt. Ahmose), 1) König von Ägypten um 1575 v. Chr., residierte in Theben, entriß den Hyksos das untere Ägypten wieder, eroberte ihre letzte Feste Avaris und stellte die Macht des Reiches her. 2) König von Ägypten 569–526 v. Chr.,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amasis — Amāsis, s. Amosis …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amasis — Amasis, vorletzter König von Aegypten, s. Aegypten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Amasis — (568 526 av. J. C.) cinquième pharaon de la XXVIe dynastie égyptienne. Il détrôna Apriès après la bataille de Momemphis. Il entreprit de vastes réformes sociales et rétablit la maîtrise maritime de l égypte …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • AMASIS I — qui et Ammosis vel Amos Pharao, Aegypti Rex, A. M. 2312. Euseb. Vide infra Amosis …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • AMASIS — inferioris Aegypti Rex X. post Amenemem: regnavit ann. I. successore Acesephthre, quem vide …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Amasis — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ahmès et Amasis (homonymie). Articles de la série Pharaon Classements …   Wikipédia en Français


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